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What is child abuse?

Child abuse can happen in different ways.  A child can be physically injured, for example by shaking, punching, hitting or kicking or by any other means involving violence. They can be abused sexually, which means they have been subjected to inappropriate sexual behaviour or language by others.

Emotional abuse, where a child is constantly criticised, ignored or humiliated, also causes harm. Neglect is another form of abuse, where a child is not properly fed, cared for, clothed, kept clean or safe or does not receive medical treatment when they need it.

Children who are exposed to Domestic Abuse is another form of abuse. This is where one person hurts or bullies another person who is or was their partner or who is in the same family.

Child Sexual Exploitation (CSE) [STILL TO LINK TO CSE POLICY] is a form of sexual abuse that involves the manipulation and/or coercion of young people under the age of 18 into sexual activity in exchange for money, gifts, accommodation, affection or status

Contextual safeguarding is an approach that helps to create an understanding responds to, children and young people's experiences of significant harm caused by someone out with their family.